Adfs Relying Party Trust Encryption Certificate

Expand “Trust Relationships” from left hand panel and select “Relying Party trusts” option. AD FS incorporates the capability for automatic renewal for self-signed Token-Signing certificates. Now that ADFS is installed and configured the wildcard certificate is applied to the CRM website and all of our DNS records are created we can start the claims and IFD configurations. Hotfix for ADFS 2. Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) 4. As Token Encryption certificate is not supported by VIDIZMO, it is recommended to leave it blank. <-> = Signifies who is responsible for providing this information. Configure ADFS to integrate with Phoenix. It can automatically renew self-signed certificates before expiry, and if a relying party trust is configured for automatic federation metadata updates, automatically provide the new public key to the relying party. Import PBCS-metadata. The add wizard appears. In the Configure Identifiers screen, enter the Relying party trust identifier (also known as the Identity Provider Issuer URL) of the form https:///adfs/services/trust and click Add. On ADFS side, make sure that you add at least 2 claim rules for the SSP relying party, 1) send ldap attributes as claims ( there is a claims rule template for that and you just select the attributes you want to send to SSP from the AD) in example PPID and/or samAccountName. 0 as an IdP (Identity Provider) for SAML-based Web SSO on JSCAPE MFT Server. Choose Import data about the relying party published online or on a local network (e. Install the certificate with a publicly trusted CA that you are going to use on the ADFS server. 0 Management”. How to Update Certificates for AD FS Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) 3. Connect CloudGuard to AD FS for Single Sign-On (SSO) (Windows Server 2012 R2) Open the AD FS Management Console. Generally, a large SSO token is caused by a user being a member of many groups. You can have a custom identity provider and make your web application use that identity provider in the places of default Windows Authentication. During an implementation project I found myself in a situation where authentication on my ADFS environment failed, due to the impossibility to perform CRL checking. The encryption certificate of the relying party trust identified by thumbprint is not valid 2014-06-30 16:12 本站整理 浏览(72) CRM2013部署完ADFS后通过url在浏览器中访问测试是否成功,成功进入登陆界面但在登陆界面输入用户名和密码后始终报身份验证失败,系统中的报错信息如下. 0, you must first configure a Relying Party Trust in the AD FS MMC snap-in. 0 has few changes to wizard options as detailed below:. Create a relying party trust between AD FS and your authority server. [ADFS] can automatically renew self-signed certificates before expiry, and if a relying party trust is configured for automatic federation metadata updates, automatically provide the new public key to the relying party. Click the Relying Party Trusts folder. Choose a display name, e. 0 and SharePoint Server 2010. The supplied PowerShell disables this, and you can disable encryption manually by looking on the Encryption tab of the SAFIRE Relying Party in ADFS and removing the certificate for encryption. IT Administrators should start the configuration process by selecting "Add Relying Party Trust". ♣ Install and Configure Active Directory Federation Services ♣ Install and Configure the Citrix Federated Authentication Service ♣ Configure StoreFront ♣ Add StoreFront Relying Party Trust ♣ Log on to StoreFront using SAML ♣ Events Logs, viewing and revoking issued Certificates from FAS. Right click on the Relying Party Trust: “relyingparty. The Relying Party Trusts in the AD FS Management needs to be checked that the Relying Party Trusts are not showing an ! next to the listed Claims Relying Party Trust and the IFD Relying. Click Start. Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) performs a lot of tasks when it comes to authenticating users into CRM securely. Next you’ll need to import the metadata as a Relying Party Trust in ADFS. A total of 4 commands were issued as follows: crm. Turn off AD FS assertion encryption for the relying party. Type a display name for the relying party and click Next. In the Welcome section, select Claims Aware. For Select Data Source, choose one option for obtaining data about the relying party: import from a URL, import from a file, or enter manually. Here are examples of a Windows Server 2012 with Templafy configured as a Relying Part Trust. Right click on Relying Party Trust and select Add Relying Party Trust. The final step is to update the metadata that was just reconfigured in the claims-based authentication. At this point, the vendor can be involved to help troubleshoot any values or attributes that are in an incorrect format. Click "Next" and do not configure a certificate for token encryption. 2 Select option “Import data about the relying party from a file” 3. Roles and Responsibilities for ADFS Relying Party Trust Request: Key: X = Signifies who needs this key piece of information. Click Relying Party Trusts. Click Start. The Relying Party Trusts list appears in the right pane. This will involve the exchange of XML federation metadata documents that contain information such as certificate details and the URLs of endpoints as shown in the figure 3 below: Figure 3: Relying Party Trust – exchanging. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. This simply means that SharePoint will have access to call ADFS and receive information about authenticated users. 4) In the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard window, click Start. Type a display name for the relying party and click Next. The Microsoft terminology for a SAML service provider is a relying party. Right click on the Relying Party Trust: “relyingparty. The relying party simply sends the information back so that when the sending party gets the assertion along with RelayState, the sending party knows what to do next. Relying party trust. RP Token encryption certificate; Now, what I don't understand is how to configure the request verification certificate. 0 running on Windows Server 2016 was used when developing this documentation. Claims Based Authentication using ADFS 2. Copy the Service Provider Identifier. Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) is a Microsoft Windows Server component that provides users with single-sign-on access to systems and applications. On the right-hand side, select "Add Relying Party Trust " This will take you to the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard. If an ADFS proxy does not trust the certificate when it attempts to establish an HTTPS session with the ADFS server, authentication requests will fail and the ADFS proxy will log an Event 364. Modifying ADFS Claims. --- The revocation function was unable to check revocation because the revocation server was offline. 8 to use ADFS 2 as IdP. Relying Party. Click Next on Welcome screen and then select the option “Enter data about relying party manually”. Verify your proxy server setting. Navigate to AD FS 2. On the server with the ADFS installation, open the AD FS 2 management console. This will launch the relying party configuration wizard. Establishing the relying party trust. Add a display name you'll recognize, like "Robin" or "Robin Powered", then click Next. This script is designed for Windows Server 2012 R2 ADFS only. Give the Encryption certificate a name, and save it somewhere. ASP : Classic ASP and ADFS Hi Are you able to provide detail around the Relying Party Trust setup in ADFS? Cheers March 02, 2017 3:26 pm No encryption. On the right-hand side, select "Add Relying Party Trust " This will take you to the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard. Certificate URL The URL of the certificate used to verify the signature of the authentication response. exe and add certificates (Computer / Localhost). 4 Specify the display name of the Claim. Select Import data about the relying party published online or on a local network and enter the URL for the SP Metadata (https://your. Enter a name (such as YOUR_APP_NAME) and click Next. For example, Rancher. Known issues: Issue 1 When a sign-on (SSO) token grows too large, the user cannot authenticate with the server. We've installed WAP and pointed it at the ADFS server. Relying party trust: è it is a trust object that is created to maintain the relationship with a Federation Service or application that consumes claims from this Federation Service. When you are prompted for the relying party metadata, enter the URL for your authority server's metadata file or upload the metadata file. Within AD FS Management, navigate to Relying Party Trusts. Click on the “Browse” button. ADFS is a Microsoft’s Single Sign On solution and a popular web-based authentication service. --- The revocation function was unable to check revocation because the revocation server was offline. Go to the AD FS management console and expand Trust Relationship. I figured our Token-Signing and Token decryption certificates are expiry by the end of Feb. This allows any application in EAA to use Azure AD as the single sign-on mechanism. Configuring SAML for Use with AD FS Configuring a Relying Party Trust in AD FS. This is where you can provide the URL for the Service Provider (MOVEit) metadata file, or provide a copy of the metadata file. Citrix recommends that you encrypt or obfuscate RelayState. On the Configure Certificate page, if you have an optional token encryption certificate, click Browse to locate a certificate file, and then click Next. 2 Select option “Import data about the relying party from a file” 3. The final step is to update the metadata that was just reconfigured in the claims-based authentication. Access the “AD FS 2. Go to the AD FS management console and expand Trust Relationship. In the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard, click the Start button. Use your wildcard certificate for CRM IIS Server and also for ADFS 2. Complete the Relying Party Trust wizard: Enter a display name for this Admin Node. 0 setup UPN suffix for Office 365 SSO - pt. 0 window, expand the Trust Relationships folder under the AD FS 2.  Right click and select to add a new relying trust Click on next and select “Manually” for setting up the Relying Party Give your party a name and description. Enforce automatic logout after the user has been logged in for: Check this if you want the user to be logged out after a specified amount of time. Enter a Display name for the Relying Party Trust and click Next. Encryption certificate are required to encrypt from ADFS end and same can be decrypted in SharePoint side while getting the claims objects (user profile field values will be sent as claim. Click on ‘Add Relying Party Trust’ in the right hand panel. Specify the display name and a meaningful description. I double-checked the private key installed on the SP, which is also correct. To add a Relying Party Trust: Select the Relying Party Trusts folder from "AD FS Management". If you create the trust by pointing to the metadata, it will be populated with the relying party Token Signing certificate in an ADFS to ADFS scenario. IdentityServer. Summary: Get the relying party trust settings for each relying party. In the Welcome screen, click Start. Verify your proxy server setting. The default setting is “CheckChainExcludeRoot” for signing and encryption. So no need to export this server authentication certificate (AKA service communication certificate) and provide to relying party trust. Required Ports for Federated Authentication. Add Relying Party Trust. AD FS cannot be used for multiple relying parties to the same instance, for example, multiple site-SAML sites or server-wide and site SAML configurations. Right-click the Umbrella relying party (or whatever you may have called it) and select Properties. Relying party encryption certificate. Lets face it. We began to have problems with the access and the errors we have are "Relying party certificate was not found". exchange configuration information (URLs, Certificates, Metadata File, etc. The relying party needs to own the private key in order to decrypt the token. Goto Advanced tab and change Secure Hash Algorithm to SHA-1. If AutoCertificateRollover is disabled, the token-signing and token-decrypting certificates will not be renewed automatically. Leave the optional token encryption certificate empty, as Rancher AD FS will not be using one. Defining a certificate here will prevent proper communication with the instance. , "FotoWare". 0 federating Office. Click Close. Add Relying Party Trust. Click Next. Do not select a token encryption certificate. IdentityServer. Ensure that the relying party trust's encryption certificate is valid and has not been revoked. This guide addresses one of the use cases involved in building a Zero Trust security environment: securing traditional, Windows-based applications. It might indicate that the certificate has been revoked, expired, or that the certificate chain is not trusted. 0 Identity Provider Side. Open the ADFS Management Console. Subject: Re: [ActiveDir] ADFS - are token signing and token decryption/encryption certs shared within a farm? My goal with ADFS is to act as an account provider, to provide seamless access to external vendors (Concur, successfactors, ADP, Sungard PTA etc) for internal users. Select AD FS profile as the configuration profile for your relying party trust. To add a Relying Party Trust: Select the Relying Party Trusts folder from "AD FS Management". Export ADFS Relying Party Encryption and Signature Certificates Simple script to export a Relying Party trust's Encryption and Signing certificate and exports into common DER format file. Enter a Display name and click "Next". Assumptions and Product Deployment Documentation - This deployment scenario assumes an ADFS server farm has been installed and configured per the deployment guide including appropriate trust relationships with relevant claims providers and relying parties. The Gluu Server is a free open source identity and access management platform for single sign-on, mobile authentication, and API access management that includes a comprehensive implementation of an OpenID Connect Provider and Relying Party. You can use Windows PowerShell cmdlets for AD FS 2. Here are examples of a Windows Server 2012 with Templafy configured as a Relying Part Trust. After that select action “Properties” for the CE 7. On the AD FS management console, go to AD FS 2. Known issues: Issue 1 When a sign-on (SSO) token grows too large, the user cannot authenticate with the server. Change from SHA-256 (ADFS Default) to SHA-1. 0 Management console on the ADFS server, open the Trust Relationships node under the main ADFS 2. Configuring Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) Follow the steps given below to add WSO2 IS as the relying party AD FS. I also verified that the RP trust uses the same certificate for both encryption and signing. This operational tutorial provided steps to add AD FS as a third-party IdP in VMware Identity Manager, configure access policies in VMware Identity Manager, and configure a relying party trust in AD FS. The encryption certificate of the relying party trust identified by thumbprint is not valid 共有140篇相关文章:The encryption certificate of the relying party trust identified by thumbprint is not valid Dynamics CRM IFD部署后延长系统注销时间 Dynamics CRM 2013 Claim Based Authentication & IFD Configuration Tips Dynamics crm2013 IFD部署后启用多组织 使用透明数据. This completes the initial configuration of the Relying Party Trust in AD FS. Avoid using a self-signed cert here as this is not recommended. 0 providers. Relying party trust: è it is a trust object that is created to maintain the relationship with a Federation Service or application that consumes claims from this Federation Service. This this the first part which explains how to Configure ADFS 2. 0 is a server role included in Windows Server 2012 R2. Next we will create and configure a Relying Party Trust using the Lucidchart metadata. Prerequisites; Creating a certificate in an AD FS farm to connect to Azure MFA. Click Close. On your ADFS Server > Administrative Tools > AD FS Management > AD FS > Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trusts > Add Relying Party Trust. Right click on Relying Party Trusts or from the Actions pane click on Add Relying Party Trust. RP Token encryption certificate; Now, what I don't understand is how to configure the request verification certificate. URL and file options require that you obtain the. 0 Management console. com To build ADFS 2. Not a huge deal, I guess. This script is designed for Windows Server 2012 R2 ADFS only. The Relying Party Trusts list appears in the right pane. In a maximum of six relatively simple steps it is possible to create a relying party trust between the on-premises AD FS and the Microsoft Azure AD. Screen 1, enter data manually. Click Start. ADFS needs to pass two claim on to the NetScaler gateway virtual server in order to correctly process the authentication process. It also reviewed how to install and configure AD FS. Next on the wizard. 0 certificate export is soon to come. Prerequisites; Creating a certificate in an AD FS farm to connect to Azure MFA. 0 > Trust Relationships, right-click Relying Party Trusts and then choose Add Relying Party Trust. Known issues: Issue 1 When a sign-on (SSO) token grows too large, the user cannot authenticate with the server. 0 You only need to use the self signed certificate when you. The following screenshots describe the minimum configuration to be performed by the customer's IT Administrator to implement Single Sign On between Moodle and ADFS. We have an Internal ADFS 3 and a dmz web proxy server (both server 2012). Select the Encryption tab and click Remove to remove the encryption certificate. Active Directory Federation Services has come a long way since humble beginnings in Server 2003 with AD FS 1. 0 profile’ Configure Certificate - Optional If you need the response. Configuring SAML for Use with AD FS Configuring a Relying Party Trust in AD FS. 0 by clicking Management Start → Administrative Tools → AD FS 2. 0 to configure the revocation settings for the relying party trust's encryption certificate. In our case AD FS service account was used in so many places Many different users were using it in day to day routines. 0 > Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trusts. Contact your administrator for details. For Notes, type: This is the relying party trust for Google Apps single sign-on. On the right-hand side, select "Add Relying Party Trust " This will take you to the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard. 0 (Roll-up 3) as Identity Provider (IdP), on a Windows platform, and integration with Cisco Unified Communications Manager (Unified CM) in order to enable SAML SSO. Select Enter data about the relying party manually. Create a relying party trust between AD FS and your authority server. The Issuer Name must be the same unique. the name of the application) and click ‘Next’. Step 2: Add Relying Party Trust Right-click on an item under “Trust Relationships” and select “Add Relying Party Trust” Alternatively, in the actions pane on the right, select “Add Relying Party trust”. Open the AD FS 2. 2, I recommend you install this patch to get your Outlook App running smoothly. Summary: Get the relying party trust settings for each relying party. Configuring in ADFS. Relying party trust. RP Token encryption certificate; Now, what I don't understand is how to configure the request verification certificate. 0 Management. Enter a display name for the relying party (e. Get the metadata. Click on next and give the relying party Name; Select the first option ADFS profile and go to next. sso/Metadata) Continuing the wizard, select Permit all users to access this relying party. exchange configuration information (URLs, Certificates, Metadata File, etc. 4) In the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard window, click Start. uses its private key to encrypt the token or a hash of the token – am not sure). Encryption in combination with SAML is achieved via XML-encryption. To add a Relying Party Trust: Select the Relying Party Trusts folder from "AD FS Management". You will be prompted to. Blog series. It might indicate that the certificate has been revoked, expired, or that the certificate chain is not trusted. 0 You only need to use the self signed certificate when you. If AutoCertificateRollover is disabled, the token-signing and token-decrypting certificates will not be renewed automatically. To set the trust relationship between Bizagi Modeler Service (the relying party) and your ADFS, create a relying party trust. A Relying Party Trust needs to be created between your application and App Fab ACS. 00 USD for 2 years or only $95. In your ADFS server, export the "Token-signing" certificate and use that for the Verification certificate in "Setup > General > Authentication" Then for the logout if you'd like to use that too: 0. We will also understand why we need the certificates and associated trusts for ADFS to operate properly. Protect your most valuable assets—your customers and your brand—from phishing scams and online fraud with a DigiCert EV SSL certificate. Under „Trust Relationships“ open „Relying Party Trusts“, click right on the created trust and select „properties. Relying party trust: è it is a trust object that is created to maintain the relationship with a Federation Service or application that consumes claims from this Federation Service. php - How to set up simplesamlphp to use ADFS 2 as idp up vote 2 down vote favorite 2 I'm trying to get simplesamlphp 1. This document provides steps to configure Microsoft Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) 2. 0 has few changes to wizard options as detailed below:. Validate the information within the certificate and click OK. On the ADFS Server, access the ADFS Management Console. Learn how to use Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) as the identity provider (IdP) and EAA as the service provider (SP) to access an EAA application. We have a vendor that we are trying to set up a relying party trust with and for whatever reason, they don't want to provide us with their Metadata by URL or by file (the only ways I've ever configured a RPT). Copy the metadata that you generated through the SAML 2 metadata link and save it to a file. Configuring SharePoint 2010 as a Relying Party in ADFS 3. To add a Relying Party Trust: Select the Relying Party Trusts folder from "AD FS Management". After you have installed ADFS 3. For more information about how to verify your proxy server setting. DNS records; SSL certificates; Installing the AD FS role; Installing WAP; Configuring the claims-aware application with new federation servers; Creating a relying party trust; Configuring the Web Application Proxy; Integrating with Azure MFA. Certificates used by federation servers Each federation server is required to have a server authentication. Start “AD FS 2. Navigate to the following: 'AD FS > Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trusts'. Trust it with one of the CA. Remember to verify you trust the certificate chain of any user certificates on both the AD FS servers and WAPs. Click Start. In your ADFS server, export the "Token-signing" certificate and use that for the Verification certificate in "Setup > General > Authentication" Then for the logout if you'd like to use that too: 0. Click Certificate. Connect to your WAP server and switch to the Remote Access Managament console. When working through the wizard, select "Enter data about the relying party manually" and give a display name that you will be able to recognize. 5 and joomla 1. In ADFS, you can find it in a tab next to 'Encryption', and the explanation is the following: "Specify the signature verification certificates for requests from this relying party. This guide addresses one of the use cases involved in building a Zero Trust security environment: securing traditional, Windows-based applications. We began to have problems with the access and the errors we have are "Relying party certificate was not found". It can automatically renew self-signed certificates before expiry, and if a relying party trust is configured for automatic federation metadata updates, automatically provide the new public key to the relying party. Step 1: Adding Relying Party Trust in ADFS. Tridion application). Claims Based Authentication using ADFS 2. The Add Relying Party Trusty Wizard opens. The easiest method to create this trust is to use PowerShell. In the ADFS console, Click the link to Add a trusted relying party (RP). This will involve the exchange of XML federation metadata documents that contain information such as certificate details and the URLs of endpoints as shown in the figure 3 below: Figure 3: Relying Party Trust – exchanging. Only keep this property active if your ADFS administrator can verify that you require signed requests. NOTE: The Windows Internal Database (WID) allows a maximum of 10 AD FS servers for the farm (if you have 5 or fewer relying party trusts), and 5 AD FS server if you have more than 5 relying party trusts. Wait a minute with ADFS 3. Navigate to the following: 'AD FS > Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trusts'. As background, I use ADFS as an identity provider in MVC web app and it works well whenever I register the MVC app as relying party without encryption certificate. Use the default (no encryption certificate) and click Next. Configuring SharePoint 2010 as a Relying Party in ADFS 3. Open ADFS Management and navigate to Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trusts. Right-click on the relying party trust and choose Edit Claim Rules. To create a relying party for SharePoint: On the ADFS server, open AD FS Management ; Expand the treenode AD FS/Trust Relationships/Relying arty Trusts ; From the right hand pane, click Add Relying Party Trust. Open AD FS 2. ADFS Token Certificates. This tells AD FS to automatically update the relying party trust in responses to changes in the metadata. “AuthorizationServer” and don’t select an encryption certificate. 0 install ADFS Server - pt. For example, the Microsoft Dynamics CRM server receives claims that determine whether users in a partner organization can access your Microsoft Dynamics CRM data. 0 federating Office. Double-click on the new Relying Party Trust to open the properties. 3 In the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard, click Start. ADFS Example settings - Windows Server 2012 R2. Configuring 8x8 SAML SSO with Microsoft ADFS 12 Add a Relying Party Trust to ADFS Manual configuration of the relying party appears to be easier to implement for 8x8 SAML 2. Choose Import data about the relying party published online or on a local network (e. Click Start >. Select ADFS 2. The authentication requests are encrypted between Blackboard Learn and ADFS using the SHA-256 algorithm, which is used by default for MS ADFS as its base encryption. Set the secure hash algorithm to SHA-1 on the Advanced tab. Authentication. Add the Relying Party Trust for AppDynamics Application in ADFS. When we do a SAML-trace in Firefox developer edition against a Relying Party we have with ADFS when we check the SAML-token, we will see that the saml:p response to the integrated service provider will be encrypted. AD FS requires that you create a relying party trust for each SP that is supposed to use AD FS for authentication. 0 MMC; Add a Relying Party Trust. Complete settings for each screen in the Add Relying Party Trust wizard. If an ADFS proxy does not trust the certificate when it attempts to establish an HTTPS session with the ADFS server, authentication requests will fail and the ADFS proxy will log an Event 364. Paste the contents of the saved certificate in "IDP Certificate". 0 and OAuth2. Click Start. 4) In the Add Relying Party Trust Wizard window, click Start. Click on the ‘Relying Party Trusts’ folder, and then on ‘Add Relying Party Trust’ - the first option in the ‘Actions’ menu: This will start the wizard. After that select action “Properties” for the CE 7. For Notes, type: This is the relying party trust for Google Apps single sign-on. Blog series. Add a new relying party trust from ADFS -> Trust Relationships -> Relying Party Trust (right click) to open the wizard: 8. Fill out information below and email to [email protected] Click start, then select the third option: ‘Enter data about relying party manually' and click next. If you have any. ComponentSpace SAML for ASP. Step 2 - Add a Relying Party Trust. 0 compatible applications or web services, review Identity Developer Training Kit and Microsoft’s WIF SDK. Do not set anything in the Signature nor Encryption tabs of the RP settings. Select the “Enter data about the relying party manually” option and click next. We've installed WAP and pointed it at the ADFS server. Right-click on the relying party trust and choose Edit Claim Rules. 0 install WAP Server - pt. By default the encryption certificate cannot be removed because “Monitor Relying party” is enabled. Open the  AD FS Management Console  and navigate to  Trust Relationships  |  Relying Party Trusts  in the panel on the left. Choose Import data about the relying party published online or on a local network (e. Protect your most valuable assets—your customers and your brand—from phishing scams and online fraud with a DigiCert EV SSL certificate. Use your wildcard certificate for CRM IIS Server and also for ADFS 2. In addition, the reader is assumed to have general administrative knowledge of the BIG-IP. com represents the external Relying Party Trust. A simpler solution instead of ADFS is the configuration of the DirSync tool but the authentication management is kept separated. The certificate we just created should be automatically selected, click next. In ADFS, you can find it in a tab next to 'Encryption', and the explanation is the following: "Specify the signature verification certificates for requests from this relying party. Expand “Trust Relationships” from left hand panel and select “Relying Party trusts” option. If so then these tools won't really help as the assertion will be unreadable. Relying party is the organization that receives and processes claims (test application,in this case). The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: