Convert Http Request To Json

SetSubscriptionAttributes Delivery Policy JSON Format If you send a request to the SetSubscriptionAttributes action and set the AttributeName parameter to a value of DeliveryPolicy, the value of the AttributeValue parameter must be a valid JSON object. Load JSON, get URL-encoded JSON. There’s an unlimited number of ways to introduce HTTP Patch support into your API as there’s no single specification on how to represent the set of changes to make to a resource. JSON data can be posted to Spring MVC controllers using the @ RequestBody annotation. A powerful, opinionated alternative to json_serializable. JSON is a text-based, human-readable format for representing simple data structures and associative arrays (called objects). Convert XML or JSON to Java Pojo Classes - Online Enter Main Pojo Class Name Select Input Type JSON XML Enter JSON or XML here. Convert a Series to a JSON string. But then again I didn't use JSON. • Test the XML to JSON Converter online The script presented in this page is a JavaScript object that can be used to convert XML content to JSON object, or to JSON string. Flexter is a distributed and secure big data solution for converting XML/JSON to text, Hadoop, or a database. After fuzzing with the request and responses, I was encountered with the API request which was sending the request in form of JSON as shown below:-. User experience plays a vital role in excellent web design. JSON Formatter Online and JSON Validator Online work well in Windows, Mac, Linux, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge and it's Free. When the file was uploaded, the message column containing the JSON objects was recognized as a string. responseType = 'json'; But sometimes we aren't so lucky — sometimes we'll receive a raw JSON string, and we'll need to convert it to an object ourselves. Make sure you are importing Injectable, Http, Response, and rxjs/Rx. Practice As Follows. Introduction In this post we will see how we can convert an XML file to JSON in Angular JS. Jackson is one of the popular JSON Parser for Java application, with the release of Jackson 2 they have added the support of XML Parsing. class json. Developer faces many issues when they begin working with JSON and JavaScript in the beginning stage and this kind of solution is very handy. Create a JavaScript object using the standard or literal syntax. A new format, IF_SXML=>CO_XT_JSON, has been added to the sXML Library, which enables to handle JSON using JSON-XML. Supports all the. springframework. That's all on how to format JSON String in Java using Jackson API's pretty print facility. A serialized string, which means it can later be parsed and decoded into data types. headers dictionary ("dictionary-like object") and the request data using the request. And with the inspiration from @sergeluca's blog of converting csv to json, (which I learnt a lot from about compose action and variables) i succeeded to convert the json output from execute SQL query action to xml file saved as *. Highly customizable. The return values of functions are mapped against their corresponding keys. In this article, we will learn how to convert XML to JSON using Jackson 2 library. The API uses JSON for both requests and responses. You want to be able to return data from a Web API action method in one of two different formats - JSON or XML, and you want to control which format is used by the extension of the URL. Instead of XML you may provide and accept entities as JSON, a simpler and more concise format. Explained how to fetch the json (json array and json object) by making http request and parse it. First, If I want to convert a Map to JSON – Such as in AJAX calls; If I want to convert a JSON to a Map – If any third party API returns JSON to my Java method; 1. If you need to parse a JSON-formatted string in Perl, you can use JSON Perl module. The tutorial will guide you how to use Jackson for converting Java object to Json and vice-versa. What can you do with JSON TO HTML CONVERTER ? This tool will help you to convert your JSON String/Data to HTML Table ; To Save and Share this code, use Save and Share button. json package. ObjGen uses a simple shorthand syntax to generate rich and complex JSON data. If you’re working with JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) and either need to convert a JSON string to array or object and loop through it or vice-versa, take an array or object and convert it to a JSON string to return, both can be done in PHP or JavaScript. 0 otherwise the payload will be escaped with quotations. All the HTTP request and JSON parsing will be performed in AsyncTask’s doInBackground() method. Because I requested the data to return as JSON, I need to convert it from JSON. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation and is widely used as a data interchange format. In your desired output, you want "name" to be the result of concatenating "first_name", "middle_name" and "last_name", and similarly you want "address" to be the concatenation of other elements. Support Json to jobject converting issues on android device. Simple example of POST Request with JSON using Apache HttpClient!!! Click To Tweet. NET Web API. In this example we are going to learn how to convert java object into the json format. This article covers JavaScript, Python, and Perl. See how to transform an incoming JSON payload into a Java object. Comparison of XML and JSON representations. Current Options. When you select this button, you can paste in your JSON content and it will attempt to generate a JSON schema that matches that payload. Printf method. Most of today’s REST API relies on it. org provides a library that can be used for this conversion process in just one line of code. jQuery Ajax Call to PHP Script with JSON Return. The most common occurrence for me, is the need to transfer some sort of data from an Excel file to a JSON string so I can pass that information through a HTTP request or to another program. Encoded HTTP request body and stored into 'decoder' variable and after that decoded json data. JSON is a data-interchange format with syntax rules that are stricter than those of JavaScript's object literal notation. Easily export mysql to json string with php json_encode() function. To view request contents in SoapUI, simply double-click the request in the Navigator panel on the left:. Practice As Follows. stands for YAML ain't markup language and is a superset of JSON - Convert YAML to JSON. Is there a way to use the WSO2 Application Server product to develop the API and use SoapUI to develop that API that can take a client request which is given in json format and convert it to a xml format and vise versa. The json decoding method of the Requests Response object is very handy, but it's important to understand the "magic" underneath the hood, if you're still new to Python data structures and, more importantly, the fundamental concept of serializing data objects, i. This is usually the same value as the source, that is, usually a JSON request is converted to an XML request. However, the use case of this trick is limited if not difficult to adapt in production applications. JSON Formatter Online and JSON Validator Online work well in Windows, Mac, Linux, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge and it's Free. Enter your data below and Press the Convert button. Basically, using Google Feeds API service and jQuery plugin you can request and get any RSS from different domain converted into the JSON object in your javascript. getJSON() by Ravishanker Kusuma in Coding Nov 28th 2013 · 0 Comments In jQuery AJAX JSON Example, I have explained how to handle GET and POST JSON requests using jQuery API. convert json text into javascript object. In this post we will be converting FHIR JSON files to text (CSV). What can you do with JSON TO HTML CONVERTER ? This tool will help you to convert your JSON String/Data to HTML Table ; To Save and Share this code, use Save and Share button. 5 async and await feature and neat, slick and smooth WPF windows APP. As we will be using readStream to read the file, there is no sense to save the data in variable. Since reusing HTTP client is good Go practice, this tool does not attempt to configure the HTTP client for you. The -H defines a HTTP header that is also send. F# Data: Library for Data Access. You can get detailed instructions for creating the WCF web service that I use in this example. The transform. Recently I stumbled upon a situation where a large number of XML documents needed to be returned from ASP. The req object represents the HTTP request and has properties for the request query string, parameters, body, HTTP headers, and so on. Of course, if you do not need to pass a custom HTTP status code or custom headers, you should use the global view helper function. Convert tabular format to xml. It has no external dependencies or particular setup process, and it’s good for a quick proof of concept. NET objects into their JSON equivalent and back again by mapping the. This process is not 100% accurate in that XML uses different item types that do not have an equivalent JSON representation. I would like to convert the SOAP Body Message to JSON. The Alexa Skills Kit enables you to give Alexa new abilities by building a cloud-based service. Request and Response JSON Reference. These items were originally included in a recent post about using XSLT to include HTML in JSON. A serialized string, which means it can later be parsed and decoded into data types. Generate Plain Old Java Objects, XML from JSON or even JSON-Schema. I would also iterate over the request params but instead of using an arbitrary json library use the JSONObject that is provided by sling. The JSON Destination component does something similar to the JSON Merge component, but it is a destination component, which means that you can specify the component to write the merged JSON document to a local file or you can send it to an HTTP URL to perform a RESTful service call. I found very little in Dynamics AX that would let me deserialize JSON. getJSON() method is ideal for this kind of task. We can convert tabular format to xml using sql query in sql server database ,but if we want to convert in json format from database ,then we can face problem because database does not support native JSON integration. Compare an authentication context, to be POSTed to the '/session' resource, as application/xml:. The method can handle a request body that is in the form of either XML or JSON. In our fetch json example (run fetch json live), we create a new request using the Request constructor, then use it to fetch a. This article describes how to Configure HttpMessageConverters in Spring. In this page you can convert an xml to json and viceversa. This way we can work with the data as JavaScript objects, with no complicated parsing and translations. How to pass JSON Object string or JSONArray string from javascript to spring controller. This file can be sent in the body of a POST request. Similarly, we set the produces attribute to "application/json" to tell Spring that we want the response body in JSON format. Create a JavaScript object using the standard or literal syntax. JSON Request Format. The synapse's internal format is always soap. This filter is mostly useful for debugging. Most of the times we end up using either $(‘#myform’). This way we can work with the data as JavaScript objects, with no complicated parsing and translations. Currency Converter API Requests To perform a currency conversion, our API requires a minimal amount of input parameters. The most common occurrence for me, is the need to transfer some sort of data from an Excel file to a JSON string so I can pass that information through a HTTP request or to another program. This can be done using the HEAD, GET, or POST method by assigning the JSON string to a variable. It involves passing the raw JSON string to the jsonDecode() function, and then looking up the values you need in the resulting Map. JSON is a faster and more lightweight data exchange pattern between servers and the clients. This converter will automatically discover the table headings based on your JSON data. Already posted my issue on several forums, still curious why this isn’t working properly. JSON data structures map directly to Python data types, so this is a powerful tool for directly accessing data without having to write any XML parsing code. NET which provides the facility to convert this. JSON or JavaScript Object Notation, as you know is a simple easy to understand data format. JSON Http Request Previous Next A common use of JSON is to read data from a web server, and display the data in a web page. Encoded HTTP request body and stored into 'decoder' variable and after that decoded json data. Here’s an example on how you can convert json to java object. The inner objects in JSON are converted as inner classes in Java Object. One way to set up a "before filter" on a controller is to…. By default, this converter supports media type 'application/json'. JSON Syntax has two structures: objects, key-value pairs; and arrays, lists of values. However, the use case of this trick is limited if not difficult to adapt in production applications. Sending JSON in The AJAX Request. Convert XML or JSON to Java Pojo Classes - Online Enter Main Pojo Class Name Select Input Type JSON XML Enter JSON or XML here. How will you convert a Buffer to JSON in Node. Display a Form to user to fill in Employee data b. Enter your JSON or JSONLines data below and Press the Convert button. Specifically, I’m working on an application to display Twitter data, and I want to convert a Seq[Tweet] to its JSON. Send post Http request with Content Type. JSON arrays are written inside square brackets and Array can contain any number of objects Please consider disabling your ad blocker for Java4s. Avoid frequent hand-editing of JSON data for this reason. Can you please let me know if there are any inbuilt API's for that. Input JSON String in file myFile. In this tutorial, I will describe how to parse JSON string from the command line. The request method GET is set using setRequestMethod() method. json package ). Automatic parsing of JSON in request bodies, with auto-generated errors if content isn’t parseable or incorrect Content-type headers are supplied. Generate Dart Use private fields Copy Dart code to clipboard. This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Andrew Gerrand 25 January 2011 Introduction. converting Json to CURL code. Comments are not allowed in JSON. This is usually the same value as the source, that is, usually a JSON request is converted to an XML request. Introduction. is possible to convert Json. NET object is using the JsonSerializer. The Success response above. The request parameters in JSON format needs to be sent in the body of the HTTP request. This is where an application pulls data from another application via an HTTP request on the web. What can you do with JSON TO HTML CONVERTER ? This tool will help you to convert your JSON String/Data to HTML Table ; To Save and Share this code, use Save and Share button. Encoded HTTP request body and stored into 'decoder' variable and after that decoded json data. This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is most widely used data format for data interchange on the web. I would like to convert the SOAP Body Message to JSON. Paste your JSON in the textarea below, click convert and get your Dart classes for free. writeValue() - Java Objects to JSON. It turns out this relatively minor-sounding point can cause a fair bit more pain than it probably should. getJSON() method uses an Ajax HTTP GET request to read an external JSON file. VCF files that contain more than 1 Vcard and. Use JQuery to get the data and using Ajax post it to the Spring Controller as JSON. This string will be be included in the request body when the HTTP request is sent to the server. This article explains how to read JSON in a string as "application/json" in Dataweave 2. json should format the result as JSON. Had to use CL_REST_HTTP_CLIENT to obtain the string information from REST API. But also I used the information both of you gave or linked to, to end up with a correct code. What is HTTP. Convert HAR(HTTP Archive) to YAML/JSON testcases for HttpRunner. JSON is commonly used by web sites to provide a textual representation of objects. In this blog post I will share with you code examples which will help you do most of the tasks you will even need to do when working with JSON and…. Here structured data is the JSON. I switched to JSON because I’m unable to get the SOAP webservice to work on a mono. Anyway, we can't help you with details about communicating with your server. Specifically the "\" under your value section creates invalid XML when converted. The synapse's internal format is always soap. Now that you have the mechanism for working with the JSON data in place, you’ll write the HTTP request that gets the data from the server. How to use. json that contains a JSON-formatted list of words. json package ). It can also be a single object of name/value pairs or a single object with a single property with an array of name/value pairs. The accepted parameters by the API are listed in the table below:. The classes dedicated to JSON serialisation and parsing are found in the groovy. JAVA- Send HTTP Get/Post Request and Read JSON response. xml file and paste the following code inside the project node. As a first step add Jackson dependent jar file "jackson-mapper-asl" to your classpath. JSON has the advantage that is can be used to directly access the geonames webservice from javascript code, whereas using XML the browser will throw a security exception if an xml call to another webserver is made. Parse JSON using Python. The Ajax concept (Asynchronous JavaScript And XML) originally used XML to transmit data between server and browser, but in recent years JSON has become a more popular way to carry Ajax data. I am working on an editor. If you need to send a JavaScript object as a JSON string to the server with an AJAX request, you need to convert the JavaScript object to a JSON string and send the string as raw data. getJSON() method is ideal for this kind of task. JSON has the advantage that is can be used to directly access the geonames webservice from javascript code, whereas using XML the browser will throw a security exception if an xml call to another webserver is made. Create a new instance of this class and use the method. In our fetch json example (run fetch json live), we create a new request using the Request constructor, then use it to fetch a. Introduction. Imagine if someone wanted to send you 500GBs of json! After we have read the body, we then Unmarshal it to our Todo struct. JSON objects and JSON maps look the same at runtime; this distinction is relevant to the design of the API. I have found one XXE bug on private bug bounty program by converting the JSON request to XML request. The JSON Destination component does something similar to the JSON Merge component, but it is a destination component, which means that you can specify the component to write the merged JSON document to a local file or you can send it to an HTTP URL to perform a RESTful service call. JSON is an acronym standing for JavaScript Object Notation. How do I convert the results to a JSON string? tool to do the conversion of your objects to JSON. UiPath Activities are the building blocks of automation projects. Validate and view JSON documents. Ya I tried that last night and then when I converter it back and tried to get a value from it it return null. Below I have shared examples to do this. It was designed to be a subset of JavaScript, so it defines objects as a list of name/value pairs. In this page you can convert an xml to json and viceversa. In this example we will create similar integration as in previous post and only difference will be that both Request and Response will be in JSON format. , knowing how work with JSON is a must. We have also added this new button directly on the HTTP Request card. When using the double curly {{value}} notation the binding is automatically converted to JSON. What we’re going to do is display the thumbnails of the latest 16 photos, which will link to the medium-sized display of the image. Here is an example of writing a. The classes dedicated to JSON serialisation and parsing are found in the groovy. Httpful is a simple, chainable, readable PHP library intended to make speaking HTTP sane. one with missing backlash. When testing a RESTful API, we normally send a POST request to the REST API in JSON format. Spring MVC JSON Example. In the steps below we will be doing the following a. I will provide a working example a bit later when I will be at the PC where I have the code. The ConvertFrom-Json cmdlet converts a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) formatted string to a custom PSCustomObject object that has a property for each field in the JSON string. They are mobile ready, and do not require us to use cookies. Because I requested the data to return as JSON, I need to convert it from JSON. However, the use case of this trick is limited if not difficult to adapt in production applications. Created by developers for developers. The most common occurrence for me, is the need to transfer some sort of data from an Excel file to a JSON string so I can pass that information through a HTTP request or to another program. JSON to XML Converter. Gson uses the name to match the json property to the java field. The article presents the solution to some of the issues that I faced while converting JSON string to Google Datatable. To read or write JSON data, you have to create an intermediate memory object such as TJSONObject, TJSONArray, or TJSONString before reading and writing the JSON. Most of today’s REST API relies on it. HTTP 401 for a Deny decision. And with the inspiration from @sergeluca's blog of converting csv to json, (which I learnt a lot from about compose action and variables) i succeeded to convert the json output from execute SQL query action to xml file saved as *. It turns out this relatively minor-sounding point can cause a fair bit more pain than it probably should. While the JSON module will convert strings to Python datatypes, normally the JSON functions are used to read and write directly from JSON files. JSON data can be posted to Spring MVC controllers using the @ RequestBody annotation. How to do that in System. because I didnt find any direct way, I am thinking to convert JSON to XML anf then extract data. js in the main directory and include the. The transform function takes the http request body and headers and returns its transformed (typically serialized) version. This chapter will teach you, in 4 easy. However, this information is good for anyone to remember when creating JSON data, regardless of whether XSLT is used or not. There are good reasons for JSON’s popularity as an interchange format, but right now you don’t care. In this blog post I will share with you code examples which will help you do most of the tasks you will even need to do when working with JSON and…. This is pretty straight forward and fast way to parse HL7 message into JSON string then can be uses as their needs as in Mobile APP or Web App or Automation services at any part of healthcare. JSON-XML is a special XML format that enables JSON data to be described using an XML representation. It covers converting a json post request string to an array. Apache Http Client alows us to send Http requests and get Http responses. They seem to be examples where the server code originated from Net. Working with JSON in Python Flask With the advent of JavaScript based web technologies and frameworks like AngularJS, Node. JSON (JavaScript Orientation Notation) is a light-weight, text-based, open standard for data interchange. Jackson convert object to JSON example and convert json to object example. If you found this tutorial helpful then don't forget to share. Note that the XSLT transformation in the outSequence (line 22) can be omitted because the JSON message formatter already knows how to format any XML payload to JSON. XML to JSON and JSON to XML converter online. No ads, nonsense or garbage, just a JSON to text converter. For example, when I define a JSON property in my schema of type string, if I also attach the rule "format" : "uri" to that property (because my string is actually a URI) then my corresponding Java property will now have the type java. Simple converter tool with GUI (written on JavaFX) for converting large XML-files to JSON and JSON to XML with indicating progress and uses small amount of memory for converting. One useful HTTP request your web app can make is a GET request for a data file served from the same origin as the app. Paste a JSON structure on the left and the equivalent Go type will be generated to the right, which you can paste into your program. Introduction. Which method to use to get data from doPost method in servlet. This filter is mostly useful for debugging. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. Notice that we use io. delete, etc. This tutorial shows you how to use JAVA to leverage JSON data categorically from a REST API, and parse a URL object as a JSON object using SimpleJSON. The json library in python can parse JSON from strings or files. In this example we are going to learn about the fromJson() method that will help us convert a JSON String to Java Object. Send JSON Data from the Client Side. If you want to use data in your code to update or create data in a Zendesk product, you need to convert it to JSON before sending it with the API request. There are various modes such as a tree editor, a code editor, and a plain text editor. Lots of development work revolves around payload transformation, so this is important to know. 4 Ways to Parse a JSON API with Ruby The Ruby Toolbox lists no less than 25 HTTP clients. Enter your JSON or JSONLines data below and Press the Convert button. Accessing the HTTP headers is done using the request. Whereas this server code is javascript on Linux. Convert SQL Server results into JSON July 12, 2016 by Sifiso W. This example is very useful while printing JSON in log files to differentiate it from other String outputs. Related Articles: - Gson for converting Java Object to/from Json - How to convert Java Object into/from XML - with Castor & Spring Boot - How to use @JsonView to serialize/de-serialize and customize JSON format from Java Object. JSON data structures map directly to Python data types, so this is a powerful tool for directly accessing data without having to write any XML parsing code. getJSON() method is ideal for this kind of task. amjathk January 16, 2018, 4:18pm #1. Over the years the JSON Formatter & Validator has been immensely improved through the feedback and suggestions of its users. Notice that we use io. It also includes helpers for parsing CSV, HTML and JSON files, and for sending HTTP requests. DeserializeObject(jsondatas); for loop to get each object. HTTP Library or Requests Library should be enough for REST component, however I wonder if you’ve done similar to what I’m looking to do and therefore whether I’m wasting my time or not. To read or write JSON data, you have to create an intermediate memory object such as TJSONObject, TJSONArray, or TJSONString before reading and writing the JSON. JSON is an acronym standing for JavaScript Object Notation. Does anyone know how to achieve this in C#? Answers: Serializing data structures containing only numeric or boolean values is fairly straightforward. Here is the pom. Using the JSON Destination Component. YAML vs JSON. The F# Data library implements type providers for working with structured file formats (CSV, HTML, JSON and XML) and for accessing the WorldBank data. Integrating this package with my Blah templates, I can write custom things in the final documentation result using JSON inputs in my package. Automatic parsing of JSON in request bodies, with auto-generated errors if content isn’t parseable or incorrect Content-type headers are supplied. Decode a JSON document from s (a str beginning with a JSON document) and return a 2-tuple of the Python representation and the index in s where the document ended. Now, let's see how you can accomplish the same task, that is, converting data in JSON file to an array, using jQuery. Currency Converter API Requests To perform a currency conversion, our API requires a minimal amount of input parameters. UiPath Activities are the building blocks of automation projects. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. NET array attribute for collections, and encodes special characters. Uses the sample JSON document to infer a JSON schema. Spring provides support for JSON content-type to backing object conversion by using MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter. The following rules will be applied during the conversion process: Attributes will be treated as regular JSON properties. How do I convert the results to a JSON string? tool to do the conversion of your objects to JSON. let's see how to convert QuerySet from Models to JSON type and response it when we use django for API. Learn how to convert the mysql query result set to json format or file with PHP Programming Language. For a customer project, we needed to do a jSON query with PHP. Just add libraryDependencies += "com. Allows you to convert a JavaScript object into JSON string. Second step would be to pass it to a Transform xml Shape by converting the Json into Xml. But also I used the information both of you gave or linked to, to end up with a correct code. stringify(data) and post JSON instead. Comments are not allowed in JSON. xmlToJSON is a JavaScript function which converts XML to JSON. If you found this tutorial helpful then don't forget to share. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation and it's a syntax for storing and exchanging hierarchical data. Figure 1 – JSON structure of a user, returned in the HTTP GET request. If you ever need to write some Scala or Java code where you add a JSON string to the body of an HTTP POST request, here's a quick example of how to do it using the Apache HttpClient library methods. We will see first how to export CSV file to JSON and then we will see how to Read CSV data from REST API URL and convert to JSON. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. It covers converting a json post request string to an array. Is there a library to convert this to JSON format, so I can easily access the nested structures I believe this a very. com contains online tools for converting CSV and Excel data. Already posted my issue on several forums, still curious why this isn’t working properly. This online tool helps you to convert JSON to JavaScript. Although JSON resembles an object or an array, JSON is a string. Similarly, we set the produces attribute to "application/json" to tell Spring that we want the response body in JSON format. Apache HttpClient HTTP PUT Request with JSON Body; Convert POJO to JSON and vice-versa using Jackson API Post Views: 431 In this tutorial, we will learn how to. So getting data from an endpoint is pretty easy but most rest APIs require an authentication token in order to verify your request. Most of the times we end up using either $(‘#myform’). In our fetch json example (run fetch json live), we create a new request using the Request constructor, then use it to fetch a. Below I have shared examples to do this. Is there an extjs function to convert object to json with out encoding? I think Ext. Free VCF file to CSV or Excel converter This is an Excel based VBA script used to import bulk. Note- Spaces in keys will be converted to underscores See also XML to JSON. HTTP POST is used as the default method to send JSON messages through Axis2, if the HTTP method is not explicitly set by the user. That's what I am using here in my second example. LimitReader. JSON supports all the basic data types you’d expect: numbers, strings, and boolean values, as well as arrays and hashes. We've covered a neat trick that leverages Google spreadsheet as a JSON back-end service API for developers who are making any REST applications. Online JSON Formatter and Online JSON Validator also provides tools to convert JSON to XML, JSON to CSV, JSON Editor, JSONLint and JSON Checker. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: