How To Create Vmdk File

In order to merge split vmdk files into one, you need to use the vmware-vdiskmanager command. The physical host doesn’t access any files on the same drive so all of the disk arm movements belong to the guest. vmdk -t 0 sswgrowable. json; role-policy. Once you have the VMDK file, you can create a virtual machine in Virtualbox or VMware Workstation and use the VMDK as an existing hard disk for the virtual machine. 2) Press Initialize when you start the Mac OS X virtual machine. These data files are based on the vmfsSparse format, intended to store delta content or "change data" for a period of time, otherwise known as a snapshot. vhd) which should be default selection. To get started, simply: Download and install the AWS Command Line Interface. If you merge the diffs to the base image, then you have all changes. A VMDK file is the file extension for VMware Workstations and machines. vmdk to Windows 7. But if you are a Windows User then testing macOS Mojave is really hard, That's why some of the Mac Users who know How to Create a VMDK (Virtual Machine Image) File, has created the VMDK File. WinImage installer is available for 30 days free trial. 2 TB) and I don't have enough disk space on that host, can I export them directly to an external drive? Yes. VMDK" file for use in VMWare. 15 VMDK Files In this article, I am going to guide you Install macOS Catalina on … Install macOS Catalina on VMware on Windows 10 PC. vmdk guest-s003. vmdk disk in VMware, you must access the application and create a new machine using one of the following options: Using the following keys: + N Ctrl + N. vmdk) As you do this, the "Convert Virtual Hard Disk Image" dialogue box will appear; In this, you need to select the option that says, "Create Fixed Size Virtual Hard Disk" Again, you have to select, "Save as": VHD (for the *. VM was got created but was not able to attached the disk file because "vmdk" descriptor file was missing. vmdk centosvh3_vmdk Just to add more info, the VMDK was exported from ESXi using ovftool:. ova files, you can simply un-compress them using the linux command: tar -xvf SomeFile. "Image for Dos" can access all type of drives to read the TBI files. In this example, we'd rename Windows 7-growable. Just open the file with a reader, click the "print" button, choose the virtual PDF printer and click "print". You will need to create a VMDK for each image that you want to use even if it is for the same VM guest. You may have noticed that you can't simply open a VMDK virtual machine file directly with VirtualBox, nor can you drag and drop it to launch. How To Shrink VMware Virtual Disk Files (. Select the OVF and VMDK files, or OVA file for the virtual machine that you would like to deploy. We spend countless hours researching various file formats and software that can open, convert, create or otherwise work with those files. vmdk disk in VMware, you must access the application and create a new machine using one of the following options: Using the following keys: + N Ctrl + N. Similiar to the vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 6. The virtual disk is contained in a single. Since the release of Windows 7, Microsoft added native VHD support in File Explorer. Any help would be great thanks, komal. VMDK works like a plain text pointer for *-flat. The hard disk VMDK files are located on different datastores. If you have a Windows VM image in the VMDK file format, use the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter to convert it to VHD format. Now copy the temp VM vmdk file alone(not -flat. vmdk) Version 1. After a bit of research an orphaned VMDK was found. This VMDK file can be attached to other new Lion VM to boot and install. Can anyone point me to some documentation about how I can use an Iso to create a Vmware environment. Before we can create an RDM mapping file using the CLI we need to locate the following information. vmdk is the file which we are going to resize & cloned. vmdk are created as a result. Then you can name the VHD file and set a location to store it on your computer. These files are not associated with any VM. Firstly, create a backup copy of the original VMDK i. In this example, we'd rename Windows 7-growable. On the downside, SPLIT virtual disk involves higher overhead (more file descriptors) and increases administrative complexity. For the first time, it also provides a seamless way of installing Windows to a virtual disk file from an. qcow2, but you could likely skip that step, and still run this fine. Now to edit the newly create vQFX-PFE vm: Assign it to the Switches category, double-check it has 1GB RAM and 1 vCPU, and that the console type is telnet. When you take a snapshot of a hard drive a new set of files are created. Note: VMware recommends to attempt to restore the missing descriptor file from backups if possible. vmdk to Windows 7. vmdk file to a. How to convert VMWare vmdk to MS VirtualPC vhd file for free in Windows. The first method is to import your VM image using the AWS CLI tools. QNAP designs and delivers high-quality network attached storage (NAS) and professional network video recorder (NVR) solutions to users from home, SOHO to small, medium businesses. Livevew is a good tool but the success rate is very low,. ova files and how to convert them to. You can use free or paid VMware Recovery Software to recover data from corrupt VMDK file. Firstly, create a backup copy of the original VMDK i. The exported files will be very small. “ It will take. VMware hard drives are stored as two files, a “name”. These data files are based on the vmfsSparse format, intended to store delta content or "change data" for a period of time, otherwise known as a snapshot. Check the box for "High Availability" 4. If you don’t have it click the link above to download it. A fast and easy walk through on the steps using the command line to create Disk Descriptor files for corrupted or missing files from the Datastore. The (*) denotes the name of the VM Server. 6 and can be uncompressed to any directory. Select a destination path where you want to save the file and select the file type as vmdk below. Remember when invoking the following command to substitute the “GOOD_CID” and “BAD_CID” for the actual alphanumeric strings that you documented above in Step #10. The VMDK file format competes with the Microsoft Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) format used with Virtual Server and Hyper-V hypervisors. Then create a VHD disk with this software: click Disk Menu and choose Create New Virtual Disk File and Create Virtual PC Virtual Disk File. A VMDK file is a virtual hard disk image used natively by VMware products such as the freeware VMware Player. 1 to Hyper-V. I have installed Ubuntu Linux 16. ImDisk Toolkit will let you mount image files of a hard drive, CD-ROM or floppy, and create one or several RamDisks with various parameters. Download macOS Mojave VMDK File (Virtual Machine Image) and install it on any virtual machine. Start the Storage migration of the virtual machine. Create a backup copy of the original VMDK file. After a bit of research an orphaned VMDK was found. Extend virtual machine partition and create single vmdk file from multiple files Hello Frnz, As most of you are using VmWare for your day-today testing. Hopefully, this information will help you find a suitable method for resolving your tasks. vmdk and can (usually) be converted directly. • Flat file, where the data is saved, its extension is (flat. See Also Editing configuration files in VMware ESXi and ESX (1017022). vmdk file to a. More information. Go to the Create an image page; Specify the Name of your image. How to Backup VMware Workstation, VMs, VMDK Files There are two ways to back up VMs, one is manual and the other is automatic and targets professional users. Right-click Host in the VMware Host Client inventory and select Create/Register VM. I just did this yesterday - converted a Linux VM that consists of multiple VMDK files into a single VHDX file. Both have their own pros and cons, and most of us spend a good amount of time and effort. The click New -> Create Virtual Machine. By using a VMDK file, you can store maximum up to 2TB data. Note: In this article, we are deploying a new virtual machine from scratch. json; containers. If you delete this differencing disk files, all changes are gone. com (My VM Land). These data files are based on the vmfsSparse format, intended to store delta content or "change data" for a period of time, otherwise known as a snapshot. This is not obvious how to use from VirtualBox. vmx | grep -i scsi. The coolest part of it all is that you can use the DD image in a read-only state and all write are saved to a separate state/snapshot file. $ qemu-img convert -f raw -O qcow2 image. Go to the Create an image page; Specify the Name of your image. Step 1: Convert VMDK to RAW (you don't need any file extension, btw) qemu-img convert something. A vmdk file extension is used for default virtual disk format of VMware virtualization software. The first step is to snapshot the VM above and then run delete all to see if VMware can clear them all down – re-run the check above, if they still exist it is quite possible they are orphaned. Once VMDK image is converted into VHD file, launch MS Virtual PC to start New Virtual Machine wizard. The macOS Catalina 10. This is particularly useful if you have downloaded a virtual appliance from the VMware Solution Exchange. openstack image create --container-format bare --disk-format vmdk --property hw_disk_bus=ide --file centosvh3-disk1. ovftogether with the description files like. vmdk to Windows 7. You might want to move this out of this directory. I copied all of the files into a folder on my computer. You can restore single or multiple virtual machine disk (VMDK) files from a virtual machine. This file is so important for the installation that makes the installation possible. vmx files from the source VM directory. vdi is intermediate file in vdi format. Step 2: Once the VHD is created, you can view it in DiskGenius. Despite the following methodic is described in many tutorials, actually in order to open VMDK file on VirtualBox you don't need to convert it into a VDI-file object. It contains an. A vmdk file is a virtual hard disk file which can be. Any help would be great thanks, komal. What you have to do?. macOS Catalina DMG is the original file of Mac Operating system which is available on App Store for free for Mac users. In the Browse and Restore Option s window, select Virtual Machine files and click View Content. If you have a reader for the VMDK file, and if the reader can print the file, then you can convert the file to a PDF. When prompted to select a disk, select “Use an existing virtual disk” and point the tool to the VirtualXP. In this case running Windows xp but will work in other systems too. In VC GUI, i am able to 'Browse The datastore' and create a virtula machine from that. qemu-img convert virtualbox. vmdk file throught your VI client's browser datastore. »VMware Builder (from ISO) Type: vmware-iso This VMware Packer builder is able to create VMware virtual machines from an ISO file as a source. I thought I would create a "vmx" file using wizard. You can now boot the virtual machine normally. qcow2 , modify kvm default network or create a new network with a custom gateway that matches with the vm’s settings. However, this is only available if you have VMware Fusion or VMware Workstation installed. I don't know what could be the final size of the converted qcow2 file. Thankfully, when you create one, it stores your entire backup of a PC as a VHD file (Virtual Hard Disk). What you need to convert a VMDK file to a PDF file or how you can create a PDF version from your VMDK file. And, you need to be really careful because unless done properly, reducing virtual disk size may cause data loss!. Easily convert vdi to vmdk images Converting images from one format to another should not be that hard that’s why I wrote the article How to clone a vbox virtualbox disk and how to convert vdi to vmdk in Sun VirtualBox Vbox. VMware VMDK Recovery is complete Virtual Machine Disk File Recovery Software that can easily recover the files within a minute. Step 1: Open the command prompt and then run the following command. SUSE Studio built VMs contains vmdk and vmx files. In addition to the VMDK format, a wide variety of other formats are also supported. The first step is to snapshot the VM above and then run delete all to see if VMware can clear them all down – re-run the check above, if they still exist it is quite possible they are orphaned. How to change a ". 1 Jun's Loaders DSM 6. By using a different form of Build, you can get a Stream to the ISO file, rather than writing it to the Windows filesystem. Select a virtual machine in the Content tab. C:\Program Files\Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter\MvmcCmdlet. vmdk it says its not a valid virtual disk. 1 and equivalent server versions - from ESXi 3. Changing the RAM to 2GB. If you delete this differencing disk files, all changes are gone. The macOS Catalina 10. In order to so, one of the way is. If you don’t have it click the link above to download it. It'll create a copy of the running Windows system as a VHD file, and you can take that VHD file to another computer and run it in Hyper-V — the converted physical system should boot up just fine as long as you launch it in Microsoft's own Hyper-V virtual machine software. When creating the virtual machine, if you see a boot. Extract the zip file to get Disk2VHD executable. Choose "Legacy" if your VMDK file is from an earlier version of VMWare. Please leave a comment or ask your question if any, I am always. DiskInternals VMFS Recovery™ is what you need. This keeps all the files safe but the problem is that this format is not Windows friendly. Application copies source image sector by sector ensuring that converted image contains perfect copy of virtual partition. Here 9 popular cisco, cluster, datastores, rdm sites such as myvmland. vmdk -t 0 sswgrowable. vmdk files are virtual disks, which contain all the information of a VMware virtual machine. Then I can use these vhd files for testing or recovery when ever I need. The New Virtual Machine wizard opens. Step 1: Convert VMDK to RAW (you don't need any file extension, btw) qemu-img convert something. gho" file to a ". exe" to enter the command line utility to resize disk partitions in Windows Server 2003. This example will convert a raw image file named image. Virtual machines are helpful in many ways. When you type the ConvertTo-MvmcVirtualHardDisk command to start the conversion use the path of the disk with ". While creating the VMDK file on VMware, there's an option for splitting the VMDK file. Technics and tools spreading on the web should produce both files to have a working virtual machine. How do we spin a new Virtual machine from VMDK, VMX files. VMDK – but I have ESX 3. Home Data Center How to Convert a VMware VMDK to Hyper-V VHD Virtual Server Files. The basis steps are, you need to create a new machine, give it resources, and then when selecting the boot drive, you need to select a local drive, and browse to the VMDK file. DiskInternals VMFS Recovery™ is what you need. Your ultimate test is to create a VM using the converted VHDX file and start it to see if you can access the VM. macOS Mojave is the fifteenth major release of macOS Apple Inc which was praised by everyone. After cleaning up the VM itself and running sdelete , it’s time to shrink the VMDK. The Virtual Machine Disk file type, file format description, and Mac, Windows, and Linux programs listed on this page have been individually researched and verified by the FileInfo team. vmdk file, follow the instruction below. This is one thing I needed to do in order to reduce the amount of space used by my restored virtual disk image. Note: VMware recommends to attempt to restore the missing descriptor file from backups if possible. There are many websites offering file conversion of VMDK to OVF files "Online" - without having to download a special program to your computer. You can use the Ravello Import Tool to extract and upload VMs from vCenter or vSphere. All we currently have are the following files in our datastore. So, if you still want to do so, you’ll surely need the High Sierra (or any other version you want to install) installer file Virtual Image (VMDK) file specifically for VMware or VirtualBox. com, gabesvirtualworld. If I try to deploy from vmdk, I get an unbootable VM. Inflating a Thin VMDK to a thick VMDK is easy, just browse your Datastore, select the VDMK file you want to inflate, right mouse click on it and select inflate. 5 Update 5 (Highest version officially compatible with the hardware) to Hyper-V 2012R2. ===== About: ===== This utility may be used to: * Copy a RAW image from an SD/USB drive to a reduced size image file, size reduction is acheived by ignoring the unused blocks of the file system, currently EXT2, EXT3 and EXT4 file systems are supported, it should still be able to create the image for other file systems but file size reduction will not be achieved. Then select the option to use an existing virtual hard disk file. If the option backing_file is specified, then the image will record only the differences from backing_file. In the Browse and Restore Option s window, select Virtual Machine files and click View Content. Note: VMware recommends to attempt to restore the missing descriptor file from backups if possible. The vmname-#####-delta. Next, follow these steps for successful VMDK to ISO conversion. The disk space is not preallocated. "Image for Dos" can access all type of drives to read the TBI files. However, it will not open up in other programs like VMware Fusion. Identify the type of SCSI controller the virtual disk is using. It is frequently used for cloud computing services and virtualization. It has two VMDK files. cd to the location where ovftool is installed. Then I can use these vhd files for testing or recovery when ever I need. I have’t tested this but I don’t think this is absolutely required, but. How to Create a Virtual Machine Disk (VMDK) Descriptor File in VMware ESXi 5. Chose “I will install the operating system later”. vmdk images to. Supporting VMDK seems to be a feature built right into the Windows system. (If you specify that all space should be allocated when you create the disk, these files start at the maximum size and do not grow. I tried to create a vm and use these existing images on workstation. Right-click Host in the VMware Host Client inventory and select Create/Register VM. There are now a total of 12 VMDKs, two of which are new in vSphere 6. If, instead, you only have the VMDK file available, then you need to create a new virtual machine and replace the hard disk of the Virtual Machine in your possession. Therefore if the image was supported, you could then mount it as a drive. Restoring VMDK Files. In VC GUI, i am able to 'Browse The datastore' and create a virtula machine from that. It stores all contents of a virtual disk. In order to so, one of the way is. This backup is written to a UNC path, and can be written in parallel with the backup data. VMDK, but here I was just given the one. Export the VMDK right after you’ve created it. Create a new (or use an existing) VM and use the vmdk file you have uploaded. + vmdksplit: Used for splitting the VMDK image + vmdksize: Used in specifying the size of vmdk file + vmdkAdapter: Specifying the type of disk adapter for created vmdk: To create a VMDK file form machine directly > Ghost32 –clone,mode=create,src=1,dst=myimage. VMDK is the short form of Virtual Machine Disk and it is an open file format provided by VMware. The coolest part of it all is that you can use the DD image in a read-only state and all write are saved to a separate state/snapshot file. Click the Create/Register VM button at the top of the page and you will see the following pop-up. C:\Program Files\Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter\MvmcCmdlet. Increase Your VMware Virtual Hard Disk Size ( vmdk file ) last updated June 9, 2009 in Categories Backup, Hardware, Howto, Linux desktop, Linux Virtualization, Storage, Sys admin, Tips, Ubuntu Linux, vmware, windows vista. Power up the second Virtual Machine and verify that the imported disk has unallocated space on it. This creates a 40GB IDE virtual disk named myDisk. To create the new virtual machine you just need two files: a virtual machine configuration file (. Select “Custom (advanced)” when prompted for the configuration type. Here's my situation: I'm following a tutorial this tutorial that I cannot create link to since this is my first post: {www DOT virtualbox DOT org SLASH wiki SLASH Migrate_Windows} to convert my 15 year old Windows 98 computer into a Virtual Machine. Numerous VMware products are there in the market that uses VMDK file format, such as VMware Player, VMware Server, VMware ESX, VMware fusion, VMware ESXi. How to open a VMDK file 1. I Don't have any. The VMDK’s contain metadata for the flat. 2 64-bit) RAC on Linux (Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 64-bit) using VMware Server 2 with no additional shared disk devices. In today’s post, we will be looking at how to recreate missing vmdk file. On a Windows host, verify that the volume is formatted with FAT (12/16/32) or NTFS. • Flat file, where the data is saved, its extension is (flat. Files that end with. vmdk file's content is the virtual machine's data, with a small portion allotted to virtual machine. This post is aimed at converting split vmdk files (myfile. ova There are two kind of Libraries: Local and Subscribed. Select the File System to NTFS. Now you can attach the VMDK to your VM. If your DSK file is in a regular archive format like ZIP, and you want to convert one of the files inside of the archive, first extract all the contents so that you have access to the actual data that's stored inside. Implementation. In our example the vmdk should be renamed to abc. Power on a virtual machine when there is not enough space to create a swap file on the VMFS volume. If you have more than one disk, then create VM with one disk, and then add other disks. Re: VMDK Stub File Generator Post by J1mbo » Fri Aug 31, 2012 9:20 am 1 person likes this post Just for the sake of clarity, since VMFS seems to lack support for multiple data streams, the VMDK file is stored as two files, the filename. vmdk file to recover all your precious data. All we currently have are the following files in our datastore. Windows can go online to look it up automatically, or you can manually select from a list of programs that are installed on your computer. 15 Catalina on a VMware workstation or fusion on a Windows platform or opposite. Case 2: how to restore a -flat. Next, power down the virtual machine and defragment the vmdk using the command vmware-vdiskmanager -d myVirtualDisk. Subsequently, you should be able to select this VMDK for preseeding. vdi -O vmdk vmware. Virtual machines are helpful in many ways. Hi everyone I have some problem about conversion from vmdk file into AHV format. Comprehensive guide to attach/configure VDI image to VirtualBox and VMDK/VHD image to VMware Player. This will display the drive list. Each item library can contain multiple files. Let’s first look at how to create a multi-writer VMDK to an existing virtual machine. Is there any ways/ alternate way to retrieve the data from those vmdk file. You can use the Ravello Import Tool to extract and upload VMs from vCenter or vSphere. Download latest Virtualbox version. VirtualBox is compatible with many disk image types. vmdk guest-s003. It also shows the viewer how to capture screenshots of the created Virtual Machines. I have managed to get this far using Physical Disk Emulator (PDE) in encase along with the LiveView software. This example will convert a raw image file named image. The last line is a fast way to open the current folder with Explorer to make the next steps easier: I created a folder Ubuntu under "My Virtual Machines", a sub folder of "My Documents" and moved the Ubuntu. Very nice as it keeps from trashing the original image. vmdk file created in the previous step. I simply used my laptop to create VM using VMware. You can create a new virtual machine in a local or network folder. I thought about manually editing the VMDK file to remove the link to the parent disk, but better sense prevailed. The first step is to snapshot the VM above and then run delete all to see if VMware can clear them all down – re-run the check above, if they still exist it is quite possible they are orphaned. I’ve found that following the steps below fixes the problem and allows me to boot the virtual machine as it existed at the time of creation. How To / macOS. I see the option for converting from a VMDK file to VHD in XenConvert. The following examples show how you can use different approaches to back up the iSCSI and vSAN volume stores used in Example: Persistent Container State in the previous topic. Choose "Legacy" if your VMDK file is from an earlier version of VMWare. This VMDK Recovery software is capable enough to support corrupt VMDK files which are split into multiple parts. Livevew is a good tool but the success rate is very low,. Do note that, this command will take time. If you want to create a VM from a VMDK file, set up the virtual machine with the operating system settings corresponding to the virtual disk but without creating a new disk in setup. Use the following create-volume command to create a volume from the snapshot. How can I convert a DMG into a VMDK file? I had a laptop hard drive which i turned into a DMG. For example, you can align the partitions at the VMFS level by selecting the vmware LUN type when creating your LUNs. More information. To allow the virtual machine to work while the disk is in read only mode, all write IOs are stored in another file known as "Delta File". There is an option to create a new volume and then copy the data into the new volume instead. Problem is, I needed to copy the files onto a hard disk, but the only thing that I could find was a VMware disk image. 7 on my VMware workstation 7. Step 2: Once the VHD is created, you can view it in DiskGenius. Please note that you virtual disk file (VMDK) will grow to the full size during the process. And the file that it will create will be of same size as the partition in VMDK. The server is installed on VMware ESXi, 5. 1 to Hyper-V. VHD file is mountable in Windows 7 using Disk Management console; This VHD can now be loaded into VirtualBox. In today’s post, we will be looking at how to recreate missing vmdk file. Set amount of. Now, we need to reclaim 5 GB. Files of the type VMDK or files with the file extension. Required parameters: --image-path= - path to the image file from which to create the vmdk file. It supports both fixed-size and growable virtual drivers in *. Once the VMDK file is converted to VHD, you can create a new VM in Hyper-V manager and select an existing disk. There can be more vmdk files for each virtual machines, depending on the specified amount of virtual hard drive assigned to it. The VMDK virtual machine files are often made available or transferred around as pre-built configurations of operating systems, making it easy to use or test the same setup on multiple machines or by multiple people. From the run menu type "diskpart. Using RV-Tools to find orphaned. vmdk can be easily converted to PDF with the help of a PDF printer. As a result of running that command two new files have been created - temp. ova file is simply a. Create ISO image file Update existing ISO archive PeaZip provides read only support (extractor / opener) to ISO, Apple macOS / OSX DMG, UDF, VMWare VMDK and other image files mentioned on this page: creation, editing and burning to physical support is not supported for those file types. Each VMDK maps to a specific function and OS partition within the VCSA. VM was got created but was not able to attached the disk file because “vmdk” descriptor file was missing. Armed with the scsi controller type and the disk size, we can now use vmkfstools to create a new disk and descriptor file by running ‘vmkfstools -c 4294967296 -a lsilogic -d thin temp. After all, the flat vmdk file is just a raw image of the disk, so you just need to use it as a loopback device. vmdk files will depend on the size of the virtual disk at the time of its. The solution here is to use Windows Disk Management with VMware Workstation, plus a Ubuntu Live CD ISO image file. raw Step 2: Convert RAW to VDI VBoxManage convertdd something. I needed to expand the disk sizes on one of my VMs, and encountered an odd problem. Set amount of. 5, Vitrual Centre Server and VMWare server, but can't for the life of me work out how to get a vmdk file as a virtual. It may be possible to do this all at once too, but I haven't tried this: qemu-img convert guest-s001. The Good thing about the macOS Mojave VMDK (Virtual machine Image) File is that it can be run on any operating system, windows, mac, Linux. This tool can convert flat disk image or sparse disk image to stream optimized disk image, and then create OVA with the converted stream optimized disk image by using an OVF descriptor template. DailySysAdmin | For all things IT! Create an SSTP VPN Server in. If, instead, you only have the VMDK file available, then you need to create a new virtual machine and replace the hard disk of the Virtual Machine in your possession. Select the VHD or VHDX file and a new disk shows up in Disk Management. This creates a 40GB IDE virtual disk named myDisk. Please leave a comment or ask your question if any, I am always. It currently supports building virtual machines on hosts running VMware Fusion for OS X, VMware Workstation for Linux and Windows, and VMware Player on Linux. Step 3: Select a Target Folder Proceed with the New Task Wizard to the point where you specify the target. Open command prompt. 2 Thanks Ger. Converting the. Finalize and finish the setup. vmdk is the name of the VMDK to be output by the converter. The VMDK file format competes with the Microsoft Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) format used with Virtual Server and Hyper-V hypervisors. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: